Constraints to Women Farmers Entrepreneurial Development in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
AbstractThe traditional agricultural economic growth from subsistence to commercial one creates great opportunities to other entrepreneurial activities that support rural life. This study examined the constraints to the development of entrepreneurial activities among women farmers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Specifically, this paper described the characteristics of the respondents, identified the characteristics (type, form and duration) of enterprises, and examined the entrepreneurial competencies of women entrepreneurs. Structured interview schedule was used to collect relevant information from 165 women farmers selected through multi-stage sampling technique across 6 local government areas of Nasarawa State. Descriptive statistics (percentages and mean) were used to analyze the data. Majorities (82.8%) of women entrepreneur were married, and 82.3% had less than secondary education. Also the mean age, household size and annual income was 39, 8 and ₦208,759.38 respectively. Furthermore, majority (81%) did not belong to their respective business association. Processing was the major type of business engaged in by majority (58.8%) as sole proprietor (87.9%). Persistence, commitment to work contract, and risk-taking ranked highest with a mean score of 2.55, 2.47 and 2.40, respectively. Lack of start-up capital (95%), poor infrastructural facilities (93%), and inadequate access to relevant information (89%) were the major constraints to women farmers’ entrepreneurial development. As a policy recommendation, various tiers of government should create the enabling social and physical infrastructure environments to catalyze entrepreneurial development (with special focus for women) in the rural areas.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
JAE supports free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research and development practice are made widely available. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for readers, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. The Journal adopts and uses the CC BY-NC-ND license. Under this license users are permitted to: Copy and distribute the article (non-commercially); you can’t change or alter the article in anyway; Users are not allowed to data mine the article.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).