Effects of Social Media on Researchers’ Attitude to Work at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Oyo State, Nigeria
AbstractThis study assessed the effects of social media on researchers’ work attitude at IITA, Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Proportionate sampling technique was used to select 82 respondents for the study through the use of questionnaire. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). Results showed that the mostly used media by the respondents on a daily basis, were emails (87.7%), Facebook (76.6%) and WhatsApp (71.6%) while Skype (24.7%) and Twitter (21.0%) were used on weekly basis. Researchers used social media to source for journals (14.8%), collaborative research (38.2%) and connection with families and friends (41.9%) as well as for online dating (7.4%). Furthermore, 38.0% of the respondents accessed social media from their departmental office, personal office (29.7%) and their individual homes (13.6%). Researchers agreed that social media were essential office tools (37.0%), retarded their work (3.7%) as well as time waster (1.2%). Chi-square analysis showed that there was significant relationship between the usage of social media and religion (χ 2=8.336, df=4 p=0.080), marital status (χ2=14.81, df=8, p=0.063) and rank/cadre of respondents (χ 2 =23.03, df=12, p=0.027) while PPMC analysis results showed a significant relationship between social media usage and age (R = -0.245, p≤0.05) as well as work experience (R= -0.33, p≤0.005). The study concluded that social media has both positive and negative effects on researchers’ attitude to work. The study recommended among others that social media usage should be controlled during working hours to improve positive attitude of researchers towards work at IITA.
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