Perceived Capacities of Public Extension Personnel for Climate Information Dissemination to Farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria

Authors

  • Hilda C. Eta Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria; Phone: +2347030974231; ORCID ID:https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0926-4913
  • Oyedeji, T. Yekinni Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan; Phone: +2348035905311; ORCID ID:https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9786-4408
  • Ginini F. Elemi Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria; Phone: +2347034986159 ORCID ID:https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3739-1079

Abstract

The study examined the perceived capacities of public extension personnel for climate information dissemination to farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 72 extension agents. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and were analysed using a multinomial logistic regression at 5% level of significance. Some of the climate information disseminated were information on appropriate measures to take to prevent water shortage due to adverse weather conditions (75%) and early warning signs on events such as drought, flooding etc. (70.8%). Radio and/or television (68.1%), and the Ministries of Agriculture and Natural Resources (68.1%) were the main sources of climate information. Respondents perceived that they had low capacities for producing and airing radio and television messages on climate change (15.3%) and carrying out impact analysis of climate change effects on farmers (18%). Results of the multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that years of experience (x2 =6.244; p = 0.044); and highest educational qualification (x2 =11.021; p = 0.088) had positively significant effects on capacity to disseminate climate information. Extension staff should be encouraged to go for specialized studies on climate change and be trained to interpret and disseminate agro-meteorological data and information

References

Chukwuezie, O. C., Nwakuba, N. R., Nwaigwe, K. N. & Asoegwu S. N. (2016). The impact of climate change on Nigerian agricultural sector and economy. Paper presented at the 37th Annual Conference and Annual General Meeting at Minna in October 2016.

Cortekara, J., Themesslb, M. & Lamich, K. (2020). Systematic analysis of EU-based climate service providers. Climate Services 17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2019.100125

Guido, Z., Zimmer, A., L. Pus, S., Corrie, H., Gower, D., waldman, K., Krell, N., Sheffield, J., Caylor, K., and Evans, T. (2020). Farmer forecasts: Impacts of seasonal rainfall expectations on agricultural decision-making in Sub-Saharan Africa. Climate Risk Management. 30:1-15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2020.100247. Retrieved on the 23rd of August, 2021

Hansen, J. W., Vaughan, C., Kagabo, D. M., Dinku, T., Carr, E. R., Körner, J. & Zougmoré, R. B. (2019). Climate services can support African farmers’ context-specific adaptation needs at scale. E- Journal Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 3:21. doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2019.00021

Ifeanyi-Obi C. C., Togun, A. O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O. M., & Arokoyu, S. B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management. 17:155-164 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002

Ogogo, A. U. Ekong, M. U. & Ifebueme M. N. (2018). Climate change awareness and adaptation measures among farmers in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. In Leal Filho W. (Eds) Handbook of Climate Resilience. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71025-9_153-1-018-2239-6

Olorunfemi, T. O., Olorunfemi, O. D. & Oladele, O. I. (2020) Determinants of the involvement of extension agents in disseminating climate smart agricultural initiatives: Implication for scaling up. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 19:285–292

Onyeneke, R. U., Igberi, C.O., Aligbe, J.O., Iruo, F.A., Amadi, M. U., Iheanacho. S. C., Osuji, E. E., Munonye, J. and Uwadoka C. (2019). Climate change adaptation actions by fish farmers: evidence from the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 64(2):347-375 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8489.12359. Retrieved on the 8th of December 2021

Osuji, E. E., Okwara, M. O., Essien, U. A., Agu, C. G. and Oguegbuchulam, M. N. (2019). Sustainability of Climate Change Adaptation Measures in South-South, Nigeria. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research. 6 (1): 120-126 DOI: 10.20448/journal.512.2019.61.120.126. Retrieved on the 8th of December 2021

Partey, S. T., Dakorah, A. D., Zougmoré, R. B., Ouédraogo, M., Nyasimi, M., Nikoi, G.K. & Huyer, S. (2018). Gender and climate risk management: evidence of climate information use in Ghana. Climatic Change. 158:61–75 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-018-2239-6

Serdeczny, O., Adams, S., Baarsch, F. & Coumou, D. 2017. Climate change impacts in Sub-Saharan Africa: from physical changes to their social repercussion. In Regional Environmental Change. Reyer, Bugmann, Nabuurs and Hanewinkel (Eds). Springer. DOI 10.1007/s10113-015-0910-2

Singh, C., Daron, J., Bazaz, A., Ziervogel, G., Spear, D., Krishnaswamy, J., Zaroug, M., and Kituyi, E. (2018). The utility of weather and climate information for adaptation decision-making: current uses and future prospects in Africa and India. Climate and Development. 10:5, 389-405, https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.27.1318744

Vincent, K., Dougill, A. J., Dixon, J. L., Stringer L. C., & Cull, T. (2017). Identifying climate services needs for national planning: insights from Malawi, Climate Policy 17(2):189-202, DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2015.1075374

World Meteorological Organization-WMO (2019). Provisional Statement on the State of the Global Climate in 2019. https://reliefweb.>report>world. Accessed on May 11th 2020

Zikhali, Z. M., Mafongoya, P. L., Mudhara, M. and Jiri, O. (2019). Climate change mainstreaming in Extension agents training curricula: A case of Mopani and Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Asian and African Studies. 55(1):44-57

Downloads

Published

2022-04-13

How to Cite

Eta, H. C. ., Yekinni, O. T. ., & Elemi, G. F. . (2022). Perceived Capacities of Public Extension Personnel for Climate Information Dissemination to Farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 26(2), 44–52. Retrieved from http://journal.aesonnigeria.org/index.php/jae/article/view/3119

Issue

Section

General Extension and Teaching Methods