Off-Farm Economic Activities of Rural Women for Household Food Security in Kaduna State, Nigeria
AbstractThis study analyzed the contribution of off-farm economic activities of rural women to household food security in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Specifically, this study identified off-farm activities with which rural women are engaged, and assessed their level of involvement in off-farm activities, assessed women’s expenditure on household needs, determined the relationship between respondents’ socio-economic characteristics and their off-farm activities, and identified women’s constraints to engage in off-farm economic activities. Rural women in Kaduna State were targeted for this study. One-hundred and eighty rural women used for this study were selected through multi-stage sampling techniques. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit relevant information from the respondents. Frequency counts, percentages, and chi-square test were used to analyze the data collected. The mean age, monthly income, and household size of the rural women was 46 years, ₦8,879, and 7, respectively. Most of them (43.9%) had no formal education. Most rural women engaged in multiple off-farm economic activities including trading, food processing, tailoring, livestock rearing amongst others. The majority (82.8% and 72.8%) of the women contributes to provide food and cloth, respectively, for the household. Significant relationship exists between household size (X2=2.87; P≤0.01), access to extension (X2=1.98; P≤0.01), and access to credit (X2=1.73; P≤0.01) and women engagement in off-farm activities. Also, women’s contributions to household food security depend on a number of activities engaged in. Poor institutional support was the major constraint to engagement in rural off-farm economic activities. Extension agencies should design innovative ways (through training and re-training) to impact on the off-farm activities of women.
Keywords: Rural women, off-farm activities, food security, rural economy, Nigeria
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