Changing Agriculture Extension Models in Pacific Island Countries
AbstractThere has been a shift in paradigm of extension service model in the Pacific Island countries. Initially, extension service was noted to be mainly in these countries was largely provided by public sector but over past decade there is an emergence of new extension service model. The extension services emerging are being private owned or jointly managed by government and NGOs. Though the governments still play larger role in extension service of the Pacific Islands countries, there are cases where some cooperatives and private organisations has resorted in privatizing extension service. In the neighboring countries; Australia and New Zealand, a similar trend has resulted extension service being privatized. This paper will provides insight in why these transformation in extension service occurs and how far has the extension service in Pacific Island countries transformed.
Key words: extension service, public sector, cooperatives, extension model, private extension
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
JAE supports free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research and development practice are made widely available. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for readers, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. The Journal adopts and uses the CC BY-NC-ND license. Under this license users are permitted to: Copy and distribute the article (non-commercially); you can’t change or alter the article in anyway; Users are not allowed to data mine the article.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).