Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change among Cereal Crop Farmers in Kita, Kayes Region of Mali
AbstractThis study examined adaptation strategies to climate change among crop farmers in Kita, Kayes region of Mali. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 109 respondents for this study. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit responses from respondents. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics - mean and percentages and inferential statistics - Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). Respondents were mostly male (58.7%), married (93.6%) and had no formal education (87.2%). Average age, household size, farming experience and output were 45.28±14.78 years, 16.70±10.65 persons. 29.70±13.75 years and 2,335.77±2,139.41kg, respectively. Respondents primarily engage in crop farming (100.0%) with majority producing at the subsistence level (99.1%) using sole cropping pattern (94.5%). Information sources on climate change effects were NGOs (90.8%) and friends/relatives (39.4%). Knowledge of climate change effects was high (76.4%) and prominent adaptation strategies used were timely planting ( =1.93) and planting of short cycled seed ( =1.12). Establishing cereal banks (98.4%), building and maintenance of small dams (95.9%), diversifying agricultural production (72.4%) and strengthening early warning systems (70.7%) were never used by most respondents. None of the respondents ever employed the use of zaï, half-moon (demi-lune) and stone cord as an adaptation strategies owing to inadequate financial capability. Significant relationship existed between farm size (r=0.201, p<0.05), household size (r=0.310, p<0.05), sources of information (r=0.447, p<0.05), knowledge (r=0.326, p<0.05) and adaptation strategies. The study recommends that efforts be made by government and NGOs to disseminate and monitor farmers’ use of sustainable adaptation strategies so that substantial increase in production can be attained.
Keywords: Adaptation strategies, Climate change, Cereal farmers, Mali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
JAE supports free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research and development practice are made widely available. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for readers, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. The Journal adopts and uses the CC BY-NC-ND license. Under this license users are permitted to: Copy and distribute the article (non-commercially); you can’t change or alter the article in anyway; Users are not allowed to data mine the article.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).