Determinants of Inorganic Fertilizer Consumption by Smallholder Farmers in South Wollo and Oromia Special Administrative Zones, Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia
The study investigated the determinants of fertilizer use by smallholder farmers. Data were drawn from 207 smallholder farmers, experts, and respective office heads using structured and semi-structured interview schedules, Key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Data were analysed using percentage, mean and standard deviation and linear regression model. About 94% of the farmers had the willingness to apply inorganic fertilizer on their farmland. An increasing price of inorganic fertilizer (96%), poor demand estimation (82%), delay in distribution (78%), lack of attention for the irrigation production system (65%), and unfair distribution/nepotism (61%) are the top-ranked challenges affecting inorganic fertilizer use. The existence of more active labour forces in the family(dy/dx=20.4,t=2.49),farmsize(dy/dx=14.53,t=3.82),oownership(dy/dx=75.13,t=10.64), total income (dy/dx=0.00024,t=2.24),use of credit service (dy/dx=31.11,t=1.94), and frequency of extension contact (dy/dx=24.60,t=2.07),were found significantly promoting the amount of fertilizer use by smallholder farmers. Actions such as real demand estimation, arranging agricultural implements, and fertilizer subsidy for resource-poor farmers should be implemented to ensure food self-sufficiency.
Keywords: Consumption, Determinants, Smallholder farmers, Inorganic fertilizer, Linear Regression, Ethiopia
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