Prevalence and Consequences of Insecurity on Livelihood of Rural Households in Enugu State: Implication for E-Extension in Nigeria

Authors

  • ThankGod Chijioke Oduehie National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  • G.E Ifenkwe Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, College of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Hajara Shu'aibu
  • Gold Adolphus Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Rivers State University, Rivers

Keywords:

Insecurity, livelihood, Rural Housholds

Abstract

The study investigated the Prevalence and consequences of insecurity on livelihoods of rural households in Enugu state, Nigeria. .  Three-stage sampling technique was used to select a total of 108 respondents from nine communities for the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The data collected were subjected to descriptive analysis such as frequencies, mean and percentages. The study revealed that looting of farm produce (54.6%), communal fights (76.9%), armed robbery (51.9%), kidnapping/abduction (58.3%) and cultism (65.7%) were the forms of insecurity prevalent in the study area. The result further reveals that poor road network (= 3.3), corruption (= 3.2), poor security system (= 3.2), absence of basic infrastructural facilities (= 3.2), and high level of rural unemployment (= 3.1) were perceived to be immediate causes of rural insecurity. Loss of livelihoods/income (= 3.5), loss of lives (= 3.4), disruption of supply and distribution of agricultural inputs and outputs (= 3.4), destruction of crops (= 3.3), displacement of households (= 3.2) were the major consequences of rural insecurity. The study concludes that insecurity had negative consequences on the rural livelihoods in Enugu state, and thus, efforts should be made by stakeholders in curbing occurrences of insecurities in the state.

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Published

2023-01-21

How to Cite

Oduehie, T. C., Ifenkwe, G., Shu’aibu, H., & Adolphus, G. (2023). Prevalence and Consequences of Insecurity on Livelihood of Rural Households in Enugu State: Implication for E-Extension in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 27(1), 27–34. Retrieved from https://journal.aesonnigeria.org/index.php/jae/article/view/3352

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Section

General Extension and Teaching Methods