Climate Adaptation Needs of Male and Female oil Palm Entrepreneur in Edo State Nigeria
Climate is changing hence the need for information on adaptation which could vary based on roles performed and constraints faced in oil palm value chain. This study assessed gender dimension to climate change adaptation practice (CCAP) needs of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) farmers in Edo State, Nigeria. A multistage process involving random and snow ball techniques were used to draw 120 respondents from 14 communities. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed. Findings show that oil palm farming in the study area was dominated by males (78.3%). More (47.5%) of the respondents had farm size of <4ha, family size of between 5-8 persons (73.3%). Males were highly involved (77.5-99.3%) in on-farm and females in off-farm oil palm activities (48.3-71.7%). The CCAP considered relevant included appropriate spacing (=2.99), agro forestry (=2.79) and soil enrichment (=2.62). Major challenges to accessing relevant CCAP included inadequate capital (= 2.86), high illiteracy level (= 2.66) and poor extension service (=2.60). Training needs were indicated by females mostly in marketing forecast (3.00), palm oil storage (=2.91) maintenance of equipment (=2.89) while for males spacing (=2.94), equipment maintenance (=2.91) and soil enrichment (=2.91). Significant difference existed between male and female respondents with respect to practice needs expressed (t=7.98; p<0.05). The study concludes that capacities be built on climate change adaptation practice needs indicated while women are targeted in relevant activities for proper entrepreneurship development so that oil palm value chain could witness a boost in Edo State.
Keywords: climate change, practice needs, gender, oil palm, Nigeria
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