Effectiveness of Climate Change Adaptation Measures used by Women Garden Egg Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
AbstractThis study investigated the effectiveness of climate change (CC) adaptation measures used by women in garden egg production in Enugu State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select Eighty respondents for the study. Data were collected through the use of semi-structured interview schedule and analyzed with descriptive statistical tools such as frequency count & percentage, mean scores and standard deviation. The major effects of climate change on the garden egg production were scarcity of adequate floral resources (M =3.00), increased spread of pests and pathogens ( M=2.78), reduced pollen production in flowers ( M=2.68), reduced behavior and distribution activities, increase garden egg susceptibility to pathogens and decreased quantity and quality of garden egg production (M =2.67) and others. The most effective adaptation strategies used by women in garden egg production were change of the sites for farming (M=2.97), establishment of water reserve and farming close to irrigated area (M=2.92). The identified constraints to adapting to the present climate change scenario included: unstable weather (M=3.00), unavailability of modern harvesting techniques (M=2.75), increased pest and disease pathogens (M=2.68), poor access to materials and equipment (M=2.63), among others. Hence, this study recommends awareness and training of garden egg farmers on how to improve the effects of the adaptation measures.
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