Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats to Extension Service Delivery in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Extension service delivery, SWOT analysis


  • Ibrahim Tafida Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Bayero University, Kano
  • Bulus, Timdir Vondun
  • Nazifi, Buhari Federal Unversity, Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria


Extension service, delivery, SWOT analysis


This study examined strengths, weakness, opportunities and threat within the extension service delivery in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The total population (130) of extension agents was used for the study. A structured questionnaire and focus group discussion schedule were used to elicit information. Percentages, mean were used to analyse the data collected. The findings showed Insecurity, high farmer-to-extension agent ratio and inadequate training facilities as challenging factors that affect extension service delivery. The study concluded that extension service delivery was highly ineffective because of low extension-farmer ratio and low motivation among the agents. It is recommended that government need to employ more extension agents to reduce the possible imbalance in extension service delivery to farmers.

Author Biographies

Bulus, Timdir Vondun

I am graduate student of the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Nazifi, Buhari, Federal Unversity, Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria

 I am a Lecturer II in the Department of Agricultural Economics, Federal Unversity, Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria.


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How to Cite

Tafida, I., Vondun Bulus, T., & Nazifi, B. (2024). Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats to Extension Service Delivery in Kaduna State, Nigeria: Extension service delivery, SWOT analysis. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 28(1), 29–36. Retrieved from



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