Determinants of Participation in Youth-in-Agriculture Programme in Ondo State, Nigeria
Keywords:Key words, Youth participation, Youth- in- Agriculture Programme, Drift, Employment
AbstractAbstractThe study examined the determinants of participation in Youth-In-Agriculture Programme (YIAP) in Ondo state, Nigeria. Multistage sampling procedure was used to draw 128 youths as study sample. Questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. Data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistical tools: Chi-square, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Linear Regression. Respondentsâ€™ mean age was 32.0Â±5.1 years; 59.4% were males, 99.2% had formal education and 62.2% were married. Mean householdsâ€™ size was 4Â±1.0 persons. Over 50.8% had between 1 and 5 years farming experience. Most (68.0%) had favourable attitude towards YIAP. Inadequate training facilities was the most severe constraint to participation (0.98) and participation in YIAP was above average (57.0%). Predictors significantly related to YIAP participation were household size (Î²=0.133, p=0.032), farm size (Î²=0.373, p=0.001), years of farming experience (Î²=0.354, p=0.002), attitude (Î²=0.228, p=0.006) and constraints (Î²=-0.074, p=0.032). However, farm size (Î²=0.40) and years of participation (Î²=0.36) mostly contributed to participation in YIAP. Effort by relevant agencies to providing extension education, encourage female youth participation and harnessing youth involvement in agriculture programme will ultimately reduce rural-urban drift.Â
Abdullah, A. A., (2013). Factors that Influence Youth Interest in agricultural Entrepreneurship in Malaysia, International Journal of business and Social science, 288-302 pp
Angba, A.O., 2003. Effect of rural urban migration of youths on agricultural supply in Umuahia North local government area of Abia State, Nigeria. J. Agric. Soc. Res., 3: 77-83.
Aphunu, A. Atoma, C.N. (2010). Rural Youth Involvement in Agricultural Production in Delta Central Agricultural Zone: Challenge to Agricultural Extension Development in Delta State. Journal of Agricultural Extension 14 (2) : 46-47
Ataneh, O.S. (2012). Participation of Members of Youth Association In Rural Community Development in Edo State Nigeria. Unpublished M.Sc Project. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
Ban, A.W and Hawkins H.S (1996).Agricultural Extension.Blackwell Science, Pp 294 www.books.goggle.com.ng/books/about/Agricultural_Extension Retrieved November 3rd 2014
Chukuezi, C.O. (2009). Poverty and Youth Restiveness in Nigeria : Implications for National Development. Ozean Journal of Social Sciences 2 (2) : 99
Dauda S, Okwoche, V.A and Adegboye, O.G. (2009).Role of Youths in Agricultural Development in Markurdi Local Government Area of Benue State.Journal of Agricultural Extension 13(2) Pp. 107-110
Ministry of Agriculture (2007). National Agricultural Extension Policy Implementation Framework. Nairobi, FAO.
Muhammad, L. Omotoesho, O.A. and Falola, A.(2009). Technical Efficiency of Youth Participation in Agriculture: A Case Study of The Youth in Agriculture Programme in Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment 5 (1): 20-26
Nchuchuwe F.F and Adejuwon K.D. (2012).â€œThe Challenges of Agriculture and Rural Development in Africaâ€: The Case of Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development1(3) Pp.50-51
Nnadi F.N and Akwiwu C.D. (2008).Determinants of Youthsâ€™ Participation in Rural Agriculture in Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol 8 Pp. 328-333
Nwajiuba, C. (2013) â€œNigeriaâ€™s Food Security Challengesâ€, www.nestinterative.org, retrieved from https://ng.boell.agriculture_-_green_deal_nigeria_study.pdf
Nxumalo, K. K. S., and OladeleO.I (2013).â€œFactors Affecting Farmersâ€™ Participation in Agricultural Programme in Zululand District, Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africaâ€.Journal of Social Science 34(1): Pp. 83-88
Ogunremi1, O.O, Ogunremi, J.B and Faleyimu, O.I (2012): relevance and
benefits of agricultural youth empowerment programme to participating youth in Osun state, Nigeria Asian journal of social sciences & humanities. Vol. 1 No. 2
Onuekwusi, G.C. (2005). Youth Programme in Extension and Rural Development: Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology. Snaap Press, Enugu. pp 191-214
Ouma, J.O., De-Groot, H. and Owour, O. (2006). Determinants of Improved Maize Seed and Fertiliser Use in Kenya: Policy Implications. Paper presented at the International Association of Agricultural Economistsâ€™ Conference, Gold Coast, Australia
Ovwigho, B.O. and Ifie, P.A. (2009). Attitude of Youth towards Aricultural Development Programmes in Ughelli South Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension 13(2): 67-69
Preshstore, (2013). Improving Agricultural Production Through Agricultural Cooperatives. https://twitter.com/preshstore/status/